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What are Contraceptives
Oral contraceptives, usually referred to as "the pill," are a sort of hormonal birth control method. They are ingested orally and contain synthetic copies of the hormones progesterone and oestrogen. They function by stopping ovulation, or the release of an egg from the ovary, as well as by thickening the cervical mucus, which makes it more difficult for sperm to penetrate the egg.

The most typical kind of contraceptive pill is a combined oral contraceptive pill, which contains both progestin and oestrogen. They must be prescribed by a medical professional and are taken every day.

Progestin-only tablets, sometimes known as "mini-pills," are also available; these must be taken at the same time each day and only contain the progestin hormone. They can be prescribed to females who cannot take oestrogen, such as nursing mothers or women over 35 who smoke.